Wheat, Starch, Fiber, Oxygen and FAT

Gluten free, Sugar free Low Carb Bread (this bread is A OK)

Gluten free! What is the big fab about all of this? I decided to write a short post on how our body interprets what we feed it. Any carb is glucose. Glucose is sugar, therefore CARBS are SUGAR whether they are sweet or not. 

Plants store glucose (sugar) as a polysaccharide called STARCH (amylose). 

What exactly does that even mean? This means that STARCH foods such as potato's, rice, corn, bread, wheat and pasta is even higher in sugar content because of this. This is why the carb count on STARCH foods are so high. A carb is sugar, so even though a potato is not sweet your body will still translate what you are feeding it the exact same way as you eating something sweet. The root behind no potato's, rice, corn, breads, pasta and wheat is driven by the fuel that even though these things do not taste like sugar your body still processes it the exact same way. So when you eat wheat you are eating the plants storage sugars....yum. NOT!

How our body translates the carbs is only one piece of the puzzle, how our body responds to it in negative ways is another. I will touch on allergens of foods and tolerances as well as auto immune disorders and side effects of food on a later post. Basically know this, if your body does not like what you are giving it it is going to act out and react, those reactions can show its ugly head in may different forms like auto immune disorders, depression, malnutrition, acne, joint problems, increased aging (cell turnover isn't as fast), diabetes, alzheimers and even cancer. 

Here is a fun fact on FIBER

Everyone says up your fiber intake! Do you know what fiber actually is? Why it is considered good for you? Fiber is Cellulose. Cellulose is the outer walls of plants cells. Wait what? The outer walls of plant cells? Yes, the outer wall, think of a corn that passed through your body and you saw it in your fecal matter. We cannot digest in our bodies cellulose so it just takes a trip through our body and passes out in our stool. The reason fiber is good for us is because it keeps the muscles in our digestive tract working hard. It keeps our digestive muscles strong. Once you get weak digestive muscles you can come down with disorders of the digestive system such as diverticulitis where your intestine lining is so thin and weak you are prescribed fiber to get your muscles back up into tip top working shape. 

Glycogen is essentially animal starch. Animals and humans store glucose as a polysaccharide called glycogen. Glycogen is principally stored in our liver cells as "liver glycogen" and in our skeletal muscles. When you increase your carbs you increase your glycogen stores. This is beneficial at times for the athletes that go for triathlons and need all the energy and fuel they can get. They carb up and allow there body to store the glycogen in their liver and muscles so they can use it later. Now the rest of us regular folks do NOT need that excess amount, the excess feeds our fat cells and in-turn makes us gain weight. 

The importance of OXYGEN

Take a nice big deep breath in and out. Feel the air enter your nose, airways and lungs. Now exhale that air back out your lungs airways and nose or mouth. 

Its silly really, DUH we need air to survive, but do you really know why? When we exhale carbon dioxide it is a waste product of the break down of sugar (aka carbs-every carb we eat turns to glucose *sugar*). Think about that for a second, every breath you exhale is the shit of sugar...not a very nice way of saying it, but its the truth. The entire purpose of cellular respiration is to break up a sugar molecule into 6 carbon dioxide molecules for the purpose of releasing energy that was going to be used at ATP. Not ALL air we exhale is sugar but a small portion began as sugar and we exhale it. Cellular respiration occurs so that we can get ATP and energy at the end of it all. For each glucose molecule that goes through cellular respiration only 40% turns to energy while the other 60% turns to heat. This heat can cool us down once we perspire and the sweat vaporizes. Cellular respiration occurs for us to get energy, it occurs all the time, it happens when we eat carbs proteins and fats. 

Lipids (fats) contain 2 times more stored energy than any other types of organic compounds. That is 2 times more energy then carbs and protein. There is a huge argument about fats making you fat. Fats will give you energy. Fats can turn to glucose and blood glucose to give energy to the brain. Fat can turn to fatty acids and keto acids giving you energy or to ketone bodies to give you energy. Here's another fun fact on fats, take coconut oil for instance. Coconut oil is a saturated fat, its one of the highest saturated fats but because it is a plant we get zero cholesterol from it. We will get no cholesterol from coconut oil, it goes through us like plants cellulose (fiber).

So what have we learned here so far...A carb is always translated as sugar, fiber is not absorbed in our bodies, without oxygen we would never get the energy from cellular respiration and lipids (fats) give you more fuel and energy then anything else you consume. 

Of course with everything homeostasis is the main goal. A state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of the body. Our metabolism (sum total of the chemical reactions occurring in the body cells) and genes determines our results. But my sole purpose is to inform, the more you know, the better decisions you can make about your life and health. 

Until next time....

Stay informed 

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